《生命科学》 2022, 34(6): 742-748
通讯作者：尧 丽 , Email:firstname.lastname@example.org
Learned helplessness is defined as the learning of independence between responding and outcome, and describes an escape or avoidance deficit in escapable situations following inescapable stress. Paradigms for a learned helplessness are established and widely applied in animals and human to explore the underlying neural mechanisms. Studies in experimental animals and human have consistently showed that active control and motivation-related structures, such as prefrontal cortex and striatum, as well as serotonin and dopamine systems, are involved in learned helplessness. These results may also have substantial implications for further exploring the neural circuit of learned helplessness, and its treatment.
Communication Author：YAO Li , Email:email@example.com