《生命科学》 2005, 17(1): 1-9
摘 要：摘 要：随着经济全球化格局的逐步形成，环境、生态、资源等与人类社会自身发展密切相关的因素已成为超越国界的共性课题。进入新世纪后，我国医药卫生事业面临着人口结构和疾病谱系迅速改变、公共卫生和医疗保健需求剧增、环境污染和食品安全保障等巨大挑战。在计划生育及生殖健康领域，在公共卫生与医疗网络领域，在医学研究与健康促进领域，以及在高新技术与健康产业领域，坚持科学的发展观，以最先进的科学技术研究成果为主导，推动关键技术的相互渗透及综合集成，提倡合理的生活方式已成为我国经济发展和社会进步的重要历史任务。
关键词：人口健康; 公共卫生; 医疗保健; 医药产业; 社会发展
Abstract: Abstract: With economic globalization， factors closely related to self-development of the human society such as natural resources， ecology and environment， etc.， have become a common topic beyond national boundaries. China's healthcare system is facing tremendous challenges resulted from rapid changes in population structure and disease demography， significant increases in demands for public hygiene and medical care， as well as environmental pollution and food safety concerns after entering to the new millennium. In the fields of planned parenthood and reproductive health， public hygiene and healthcare networks， medical research and health promotion， and high-tech and pharmaceutical industry， we must hold a scientific view of development and apply most advanced technologies in order to facilitate the cross-fostering and systemic combination of key techniques， and to promote a rational life style. These are the important historic tasks for China抯 economic development and social progress.
Key words: population and public health; public hygiene; healthcare and disease prevention; pharmaceutical industry; social development