中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2009, 21(5): 695-700
脂肪细胞的发育分化
宋檀婧,黄海艳,李 希,汤其群*
(复旦大学生物医学研究院干细胞与再生医学研究所,复旦大学上海医学院生物化学与分子生物学系,上海 200032)
摘 要:脂肪组织是人体重要的能量贮存器官,同时还是一个重要的内分泌器官。适量的脂肪组织为人体所必需,但过多或过少的脂肪组织都会引起代谢综合征。脂肪细胞起源于血管基质中多潜能干细胞,这类干细胞具有自我更新和多向分化的潜能,在合适的条件下不仅可以分化为脂肪细胞,还可分化为肌肉细胞、软骨细胞和成骨细胞等中胚层来源的细胞。从多潜能干细胞到脂肪细胞的发育阶段可被分为三个阶段:(1)多潜能干细胞;(2)前脂肪细胞;(3)脂肪细胞。目前本领域的研究集中在干细胞定向为前脂肪细胞的机理以及这些定向为前脂肪细胞的干细胞的来源。该文将对从多潜能干细胞发育分化为成熟脂肪细胞的过程进行详细的阐述。
    
关键词:多能干细胞;脂肪细胞;终末分化;转录调控

    
中图分类号:Q21;Q813  文献标识码:A
 
Adipocyte development
SONG Tan-jing, HUANG Hai-yan, LI Xi, TANG Qi-qun*
(Institute of Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Fudan University Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai 200032, China)
Abstract: Adipose tissue plays an important role in energy storage, and recent studies indicate that adipose tissue also serves as an important endocrine organ by producing hormones (Adipokine) such as leptin, resistin and the cytokine TNFa. Obesity is accompanied by an increase in the size and number of adipocytes. The rise in adipocyte number is the result of: (i) recruitment of new preadipocytes from the population of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the vascular stroma of adipose tissue, and (ii) 搈itotic clonal expansion of the preadipocyte population during differentiation. Pluripotent MSCs have the potential to undergo commitment into adipocyte, myocyte, osteocyte, or chondrocyte lineages. The developmental pathway that gives rise to mature adipocytes involves 2 distinct processes: commitment and terminal differentiation. Although the sequential steps of terminal adipocyte differentiation have been clearly defined, the steps in the commitment of pluripotent stem cells to the adipocyte lineage have not. In the present review, we give a detail description of adipocyte development according to the work of ours and other groups.

    
Key words: pluripotent stem cell; adipocyte; terminal differentiation; transcriptional regulation
 
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