中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2004, (4): 254-
美国国家癌症研究所(National Cancer Institute)——美国癌症研究和资助的主要机构
石 欣,龚 侃,王少为,宋玉琴,徐岩英,董尔丹
国家自然科学基金委员会生命科学部,北京100085
摘 要:美国国家癌症研究所(National Cancer Institute, NCI) 成立于1937年,是国立卫生研究院(National Institutes of Health, NIH)历史最为悠久的研究所,也是美国癌症研究和资助的主要机构。通过立法及增加对癌症研究的投入,NCI在癌症研究领域取得一些成绩,使肺癌、结直肠癌、乳腺癌及前列腺癌的死亡率持续下降,另在胰腺癌、卵巢癌、白血病和甲状腺癌等肿瘤的诊断和治疗方面也取得了巨大成就。新近NCI制定了到2015年的奋斗目标:“消除痛苦、减少死亡”,并将主要策略由“寻找进而破坏(seek and destory)”转为“锁定并且控制(target and control)”。
  为了实现上述目标,NCI提出必须加强基础研究,以利癌症的早期发现(discovery); 以此为基础,将实验室的研究结果尽快用于临床,促进各种治疗措施的发展(development);  加强癌症防治的公共卫生宣传,以利于健康资讯的发布(delivery)。本文将简述 NCI的历史沿革、主要目标、组织结构、资金预算以及所取得的成就。
关键词:美国国家癌症研究所;简介;基金
 
National Cancer Institute—the key organization of cancer research and foundation in US
SHI Xin, GONG Kan, WANG Shao-Wei, SONG Yu-Qin, XU Yan-Ying, DONG Er-dan
Department of Life Science, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, China
Abstract: National Cancer Institute (NCI), the key organization of cancer research and foundation in US, was founded in 1937, and has made great progress in cancer research by legislation and increasing financial support. For example, mortality of the four most common cancers (lung, colorectal, breast, and prostate) continued to decline. Moreover, scientific achievements have been accomplished in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer, ovary cancer, leukemia and thyroid cancer. Recently, NCI have publicly issued the goal of NCI, i.e. to eliminate the suffering and death, and the primary strategy for treating cancer was changed from "seek and destroy" to "target and control".
    Critical to the goal above will be the collaborations and partnerships necessary to further scientific discovery, to translate that discovery into the development of better prevention, detection, and treatment methods, and to deliver that progress to all who are in need. This paper will sum up the history, the main goal, the development and the achievement of NCI.
Key words: National Cancer Institute; introduction; foundation
 
首页 | 刊物简介 | 编委会 | 投稿须知 | 广告业务 | 过刊浏览 | 联系我们
中国科学院上海生命科学信息中心《生命科学》编辑部
Copyright © 2012-2015 《生命科学》编辑部 All Rights Reserved.
沪ICP备05033115号-30
您是第2971789 位访问者,欢迎!