中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2005, (5): 384-
合成生物学
林其谁
中国科学院上海生命科学研究院生物化学与细胞生物学研究所分子生物学国家重点实验室,上海200031
摘 要:近年来用化学合成的手段合成生物物质的研究进展很快。有感染活力的小儿麻痹症病毒RNA与FX-174噬菌体基因先后合成成功。估计2006年可能会有能合成1百万 bp DNA的仪器问世。 此外,目前已能向蛋白质中引入80种非常见氨基酸, 从而使蛋白质获得新的性质。 化学合成的进展使合成与改造生命成为现实, 这对研究生物学基本规律有很大的意义,但这也是一把“双刃剑”,带来伦理与反恐的问题及对可能的潜在威胁的担忧。 2004年6月在美国麻省理工学院举行了第一届合成生物学国际会议。 2005年8月在美国旧金山举行的合成生物学会议,讨论了生物合成这个领域对药物发展、细胞重编程、生物机器人等方面的潜在意义。
关键词:DNA合成; 合成生物学; 病毒基因
 
Synthetic biology
LIN Qi-shui
State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China
Abstract: Progresses in the chemical synthesis of biological substances have been developed very fast recently. Infective poliovirus RNA and FX-174 phage DNA were synthesized. Next year抯 DNA synthesis machine would be able to generate sequence about a million bp long. Besides, there were reports that 80 unconventional amino acids could be introduced into protein molecules and brought new characters. These and other progresses would bring reform or create life into reality. Of course it would have magnificent implication in the study of fundamental rules of biology, but it is a“double edged sword”, which will bring ethical and anti-terrorist problems as well as the worry about possible potential threat. In June 2004, the first international synthetic biology meeting was held in MIT, USA. In August 2005, a synthetic biology meeting discussed the potential implication on drug development, cell re-programming and biology robots.
Key words: DNA synthesis; synthetic biology; virus gene
 
首页 | 刊物简介 | 编委会 | 投稿须知 | 广告业务 | 过刊浏览 | 联系我们
中国科学院上海生命科学信息中心《生命科学》编辑部
Copyright © 2012-2015 《生命科学》编辑部 All Rights Reserved.
沪ICP备05033115号-30
您是第2953408 位访问者,欢迎!