中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2013, 25(5): 458-466
生物资源的DNA条形码技术
陈士林1,2*,庞晓慧1,罗 焜1,姚 辉1,韩建萍1,宋经元1
(1 中国医学科学院/北京协和医学院药用植物研究所,北京 100193;2 中国中医科学院中药研究所,北京 100700)
摘 要: DNA条形码是近年提出的一种分子鉴定新技术,该技术有利于发现新种和保护生物多样性,可有效监控珍稀濒危物种进、出口贸易,可实现有害生物及入侵种的快速查验,对我国生物资源保护具有重大意义。对DNA条形码技术在生物物种鉴定与分类、珍稀濒危和贵重生物资源保护、海关贸易监控、生物多样性保护及中药鉴定领域的重要实践应用进行了综述,认为DNA条形码技术在生物分类学、生物物种监管及中药流通管理等领域具有广阔的应用前景。
关键词:生物资源;DNA条形码;生物多样性;中药;鉴定
 
DNA barcoding of biological resources
CHEN Shi-Lin1,2*, PANG Xiao-Hui1, LUO Kun1, YAO Hui1, HAN Jian-Ping1, SONG Jing-Yuan1
(1 Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China; 2 Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences,Beijing 100700, China)
Abstract: DNA barcoding is a new method for species-level identification. The method might help to promote the discovery of new species, conserve biodiversity, monitor international trade in endangered species, and check harmful exotic species and invasive species, which has important meaning for protection of our biological resources. In this review, we summarized the application of DNA barcoding in species identification and taxonomy, preservation of endangered and valuable biological resources, custom trade surveillance, conservation of biodiversity, and identification of traditional Chinese medicinal materials. Moreover, we presented the wide application prospect of DNA barcoding in biological taxonomy, inspection of biological species, and circulating control of traditional Chinese medicinal materials.
Key words: biological resources; DNA barcoding; biodiversity; traditional Chinese medicinal materials; identification
 
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