中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2013, 25(1): 84-90
骨髓间充质干细胞向神经细胞的分化
安秀峰,黄汉昌,姜招峰*
(北京联合大学功能食品科学技术研究院,生物活性物质与功能食品北京市重点实验室,北京 100191)
摘 要:  近年来,骨髓间充质干细胞逐渐成为神经科学领域的研究热点,广泛用于治疗神经退行性疾病,其原因是;骨髓间充质干细胞可在诱导物存在下定向分化为有功能的神经元细胞,并能成功表达神经标志蛋白。结合近几年的研究进展,主要从骨髓间充质干细胞的临床试验和应用;激光辐射、氧气含量和神经细胞对骨髓间充质干细胞分化为神经细胞的影响;microRNA、Notch信号通路和Wnt信号通路对骨髓间充质干细胞分化为神经细胞的调节作用等三方面进行阐述。
关键词:骨髓间充质干细胞;神经细胞;影响因素
 
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells differentiation into nerve cells
AN Xiu-Feng, HUANG Han-Chang, JIANG Zhao-Feng*
(Beijing Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substances and Functional Foods, Research Institute for Science and Technology of Functional Food, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China)
Abstract: For the past few years, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells have gradually become a research focus in the field of neuroscience, and have been widely used in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. It is just because that it can differentiate into functional neuron and express neural marker proteins successfully when inducer exists. Combined with the recent research progress, this paper will introduce the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells from the following three aspects: firstly, the clinical trial and application of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells; secondly, the effects of laser radiation, oxygen content and the nerve cells on the process of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells differentiate into nerve cells; thirdly, microRNA, Notch signal pathway and Wnt signal pathway regulate the process of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells differentiating into nerve cells.
Key words: bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells; nerve cells; factors
 
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