中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2012, 24(11): 1250-1257
医学研究伦理学的发展现状与前景
胡晋红*,黄 瑾
(第二军医大学长海医院伦理委员会,上海 200433)
摘 要:创新技术的开展和转化医学的注重给医学的发展注入了新的活力,但同时,也带来了一系列社会伦理问题和法律问题。生命医学伦理学的兴起和发展催生了医学研究伦理学分支学科形成,目的在于推进解决涉及人体的医学研究的伦理问题。当前,面临的最突出的伦理问题在于,对医学研究合法性、先进性及伦理性的把握,对医学研究伦理审查必要性的认知,对医学研究方案设计与伦理道德的匹配,对医学研究知情同意的告知,对医学研究风险与受益的平衡。逐步与国际接轨,加强伦理委员会制度建设;提高伦理审查能力建设,形成高水平的伦理审查队伍;学术组织和团体共同努力,推进医学研究伦理学的发展,这将助推医学研究伦理学的发展。
关键词:医学研究伦理学;转化医学;伦理问题
 
Current status and prospect of the medical research ethics
HU Jin-Hong*, HUANG Jin
(Medical Ethics Committee of Shanghai Changhai Hospital, Shanghai 200433, China)

Abstract: Development of innovative medical technology and translational medicine has provided new vitality to the development of medicine. But at the same time, it also brings a series of social ethics and legal issues. The rise and development of biomedical ethics has spawned the formation of medical research ethics, a subdiscipline which aims to further discuss ethical issues involving human subjects in medical research. Today, the most important ethical issues are: the legitimacy, advance and ethics of a medical study protocol, awareness of the necessary of a medical research ethics review, ethical consideration for designing a medical research protocol, the risks and benefits information balance of medical research. In future, methods as followed will promote the development of medical research ethics, which are combining with international standards to strengthen the institutional construction and ethical review capacity building of an ethics committee, forming a professional ethical review team and jointing efforts of the academic organizations and societies.
Key words: medical research ethics; translational medicine; ethics issues

 
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