中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2012, 24(8): 775-754
血色病的临床与基础研究进展
管 宇1,2,安 鹏1,张竹珍1,王福俤1*
(1中国科学院上海生命科学研究院营养科学研究所,上海200031; 2上海中医药大学附属上海市中医医院,上海200071)

摘 要:遗传性血色病(Hereditary Hemochromatosis, HH) 是一种西方常见的遗传性铁过载性疾病。目前已知的血色病基因主要包括HFE、TfR2、HJV、FPN 及HAMP。这些基因突变导致大量铁离子逐渐沉积在肝、心、胰腺等脏器的实质细胞,造成组织纤维化和结构改变,最终引起器官功能障碍和衰竭,常见症状有肝硬化、肝癌、糖尿病、心力衰竭、垂体及性腺功能减退、关节疾病和皮肤色素沉着等。当前,机体铁代谢分子机制研究的飞速发展,为深入了解血色病带来了契机。综合铁代谢研究领域最新进展,着重对血色病发展历程、发病机制、临床表现、诊断、治疗及中国血色病现状等方面展开综述。
关键词:遗传性血色病;铁过载;铁代谢;铁调素
中图分类号:Q614.81+1 ;Q78  文献标志码:A



收稿日期:2012-07-26
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(2009CB941400, 2011CB966200, 2012BAD33B05);国家自然科学基金项目
(31030039,10979071, 30970665);上海市科委项目(10JC1416800)
*通信作者:E-mail: wangfd@sibs.ac.cn,fudiwang.lab@gmail.com;Tel: 021-54920949

 
Advances in pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of hereditary hemochromatosis
GUAN Yu1,2, AN Peng1, ZHANG Zhu-Zhen1, WANG Fudi1*
(1 Institute for Nutritional Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200031, China; 2 Shanghai Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shangha
Abstract: Hereditary Hemochromatosis is an inherited iron overload disease common in people of northern European descent. It is characterized by progressive iron deposition in parenchymal cells of multiple organs, which result from mutations in several genes involved in iron metabolism: HFE, TfR2, HJV, FPN and HAMP. Patients with hereditary hemochromatosis can develop: liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, diabetes mellitus,cardiomyopathy, endocrinopathy, arthritis, and skin pigmentation. Our understanding of hemochromatosis has been greatly facilitated by recent and rapid progress made in the study of iron metabolism. This review focuses on the natural history, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of hereditary hemochromatosis.
Key words: Hereditary Hemochromatosis; iron overload; iron metabolism; hepcidin
 
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