中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2012, 24(8): 742-752
线粒体铁代谢与人类疾病的研究进展
杨硕菲,夏海燕,周 迪,李宽钰*
(南京大学医学院,江苏省医学分子技术重点实验室,南京210093)

摘 要:线粒体铁代谢的研究主要包括两个方面:铁在胞质和线粒体之间的转运和调控;铁硫簇和血红素在线粒体内的合成与转运。目前认为线粒体铁的转入主要是与mitoferrin1/2(MFRN1 和MFRN2) 和ABCB10有关,运出可能与ABCB6 和/ 或ABCB7 有关,转运和调控的具体机制不是很清楚,推测与某种含有铁硫簇的信号分子有关。哺乳动物铁硫簇的合成可以发生在胞质和线粒体内,但以线粒体为主;真核生物中与铁硫簇合成相关的蛋白达二十多种,其中FXN、ISCS、ISD11 和ISCU 及其同系物被认为是核心组分。血红素的合成起始和终止发生在线粒体内,终止步骤为亚铁螯合酶将铁插入原卟啉IX,该酶活性又依赖于铁硫簇。因此,铁硫簇的合成与调控是线粒体铁代谢的核心,也是整个细胞铁运作的核心。本文主要围绕线粒体铁代谢特别是铁硫簇的合成异常引起的疾病做一简单的综述。


    


关键词:线粒体;铁转运;铁硫簇合成;线粒体疾病
中图分类号:Q244; O614.81+1 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2012-04-19
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31071085);教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金(第40批)
*通信作者:E-mail: likuanyu@nju.edu.cn;Tel:025-83594765

 
Recent progress on mitochondrial iron metabolism and human diseases
YANG Shuo-Fei, XIA Hai-Yan, ZHOU Di, LI Kuan-Yu*
(Medical School of Nanjing University, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Nanjing 210093, China)
Abstract: Two aspects of mitochondrial iron metabolism are included: iron trafficking and communication between cytosol and mitochondria; iron-sulfur clusters (Fe-S) and heme biogenesis in mitochondria and transport from mitochondria into extramitochondria. Recent investigations have identified a host of mitochondrial proteins that may play roles in the homeostasis of mitochondrial iron. For instance, mitoferrins 1 and 2 (MFRN1 and MFRN2) and ABCB10 are thought to be involved in iron trafficking from cytosol to mitochondria, while ABCB 6 and/or 7 are in reverse direction of iron trafficking. The detailed trafficking and regulation remain unknown, whereas it is suspected that a Fe-S protein as an iron sensor is involved in communication between mitochondria and extramitochondria. Mammalian Fe-S biogenesis is thought to occur mainly in mitochondria, as well as in cytosol. Totally more than 20
 
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