中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2012, 24(10): 1202-1206
肢体再生——来自有尾两栖类的认知
张卓航1#, 姜振宇1#, 杨 忠2*
(1 第三军医大学学员旅五队,重庆 400038;2 第三军医大学基础部神经生物学教研室,重庆 400038)

 摘 要:蝾螈等有尾两栖类在其肢体任何节段被截断后,能通过准确的时空模式调节完成具有位置匹配关系的再生修复,该过程由受损肢体残端产生的芽基组织介导完成。芽基细胞的来源目前尚有争议,其产生受局部基质微环境诱导并涉及细胞表观遗传学改变,性状上呈现不完全的细胞再编程特征,增殖分化具有神经依赖性。哺乳类包括人类仅具有极为有限的肢体再生能力,其肢体再生限于指(趾)末端受损离断。深入探讨有尾两栖类等肢体再生过程的细胞分子机制,将为探索新的干细胞损伤修复途径及再生促进策略提供线索。


    

关键词:有尾两栖类;肢体再生;芽基;干细胞;逆分化


    

中图分类号:Q959.5; R329.2; Q813 文献标识码:A

 
Limb regeneration - Lessons from the amphibians
ZHANG Zhuo-Hang1#, JIANG Zhen-Yu1#, YANG Zhong2*
(1 Team 5 of Student Brigade, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China;2 Department of Neurobiology, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China)

 Abstract: Amphibians can regenerate their limbs followed by amputation at any segments and are able to rebuild the position-matched limbs as before by accurate temporal-spatial regulation; this progress is mediated by the blastema which appears at the end of the stump. To date the origin of the cells forming the blastema is controversial and these cells are characterized with partial reprogramming and display nerve-dependent proliferation and differentiation property. The formation of the blastema is regulated by the changes in extracellurlar matrix (ECM) and epigenetics. Mammalians including human beings only have limited regeneration capacity restrict to the amputation territory within the nail beds of digit tips. Further researches about the cellular and molecular mechanism of amphibians regenerate their limb, will provide clues to explore new strategies the stem cells repair the impairment and enhance regeneration.


    

Keywords: Amphibian; limb regeneration; blastema; stem cell; dedifferentiation


    

 


    

收稿日期:2012-04-27; 修回日期:2012-07-27


    

基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31171148);第三军医大学学员创新基金项目


    

#共同第一作者


    

*通信作者:Tel: 023-68752232; Email: yangzhong1999@ yahoo.com

 
首页 | 刊物简介 | 编委会 | 投稿须知 | 广告业务 | 过刊浏览 | 联系我们
中国科学院上海生命科学信息中心《生命科学》编辑部
Copyright © 2012-2015 《生命科学》编辑部 All Rights Reserved.
沪ICP备05033115号-30
您是第2954188 位访问者,欢迎!