中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2012, 24(1): 95-99
外显子组测序技术在人类疾病研究中的应用
林正伟,赵晓航*
(中国医学科学院/北京协和医学院肿瘤研究所,分子肿瘤学国家重点实验室,北京 100021)
摘 要:外显子组测序是针对基因组中的蛋白质编码区,靶向富集外显子区域测序,以发现疾病相关遗传变异的技术。该技术近年越来越多地应用于发现人类基因组低频变异、鉴定单基因遗传病致病基因和肿瘤等复杂疾病易感基因研究,成为人类疾病相关变异研究的重要工具。综述了外显子组测序技术的基本原理及其在人类疾病相关基因研究中的应用。
关键词:外显子组测序技术;遗传疾病;易感基因
 
Application of exome sequencing in research of human diseases
LIN Zheng-Wei , ZHAO Xiao-Hang*
(State Key Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Cancer Institute, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China)
Abstract: Whole exome sequencing (WES), which focuses on the protein coding region of the whole genome, aims to identify diseases related coding variants through sequencing the enriched exons of the genome. In recent years, WES is increasingly applied in several research fields, such as to identify novel low frequency variants, find causal genes of single gene inheritance diseases, in research of complex diseases like cancer. It has become one of the most important strategies in identifying diseases associated genes. Here we reviewed the basic technical principal of WES and its application in research of human diseases related genes.
Key words: exome sequencing; genetic disease; predisposing genes
 
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