中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2011, 23(11): 1042-1051
线粒体电子传递系统的组装及其生物学意义
李红智1,刘丹慧1,吕建新1,白益东1,2*
(1 温州医学院浙江省医学遗传学重点实验室,检验医学教育部重点实验室,温州 325035;

摘 要:电子传递链亦称呼吸链,由位于线粒体内膜的I、II、III、IV 4 种复合物组成,负责电子传递和产生质子梯度。电子主要从复合物I 进入电子传递链,经复合物III 传递至复合物IV。电子传递系统的组装是一个十分复杂的过程,目前已知主要有约69 个结构亚基以及至少16 个组装因子参与了人类复合物I、III、IV 的组装,这些蛋白质由核基因组与线粒体基因组共同编码。对线粒体电子传递系统的蛋白质组成及其结构已研究得较为清楚,但对它们的组装了解得还比较初步。许多人类线粒体疾病是由于电子传递系统的功能障碍引起的,其中又有许多是由于该系统中一个或多个部件的错误组装引起的。研究这些缺陷不仅能够加深对线粒体疾病发病机理的了解,也有助于揭示线粒体功能的调控机制。将着重对电子传递系统复合物的组装及其与人类疾病关系的研究进展进行综述。
关键词:电子传递链;组装;线粒体疾病

 
The assembly of the mitochondrial electron transport chain system and its
LI Hong-Zhi1, LIU Dan-Hui1, LÜ Jian-Xin1, BAI Yi-Dong1,2*
(1 Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medicine, Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou 325035, China; 2 Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA)

Abstract: The mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC), or respiration chain, is composed of four respiratorycomplexes (I, II, III and IV), which are responsible for electron transfer and generation of the proton gradient acrossthe mitochondrial inner membrane. The majority of electrons enter the respiratory system at complex I, through complex III, and complex IV, and finally deliver to oxygen. The assembly of ETC is a very complicated and intricately regulated process. There are about 69 structural subunits and at least 16 assembly factors, which are encoded by both nuclear and mitochondrial genomes, involved in the assembly of complexes I, III and IV. The protein composition and structure of each complex have been well established, whereas the study of their assembly process just starts. Many human disorders are caused by ETC dysfunction, and many of them are associated with defective assembly of one or more ETC components. The investigation of the assembly ETC is not only useful in understanding the pathogenesis of several mitochondrial disorders, but also important in unraveling the regulatory mechanism of mitochondrial function. Here we will review the current knowledge of the assembly of ETC and its implications in human diseases.
Key words: electron transport chain; assembly; mitochondrial disorders

 
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