中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
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《生命科学》 2011, 23(10): 938-944
植物花青素生物代谢调控
郭凤丹1,2,王效忠3,刘学英3,夏 晗2,王兴军1,2*
(1 山东师范大学生命科学院,济南 250014;2 山东省农业科学院高新技术研究中心,山东省作物与畜禽品种改良生物技术重点实验室,农业部黄淮海作物遗传改良与生物技术重点开放实验室,济南 250100;3 潍坊学院生物工程学院,潍坊 261061)

摘 要:花青素是一类重要的天然色素物质,是植物的主要呈色物质之一,近年来花青素在保健方面的作用越来越受到人们的重视,利用基因工程改造植物花青素相关基因,提高花青素含量已成为研究的热点领域。综述花青素的合成途径、调控机理及转基因方面的研究,重点介绍近年来影响花青素合成的分子因素及外部环境因素的研究现状。


    

关键词:花青素;结构基因;调控基因;调控机制


    

中图分类号:Q78 文献标志码:A

 
Metabolic Regulation of Plants Anthocyanin
GUO Feng-Dan1,2, WANG Xiao-Zhong3, LIU Xue-Ying3, XIA Han1,2, WANG Xing-Jun1,2*
(1 Life Science of Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China; 2 High-Tech Research Center, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory for Genetic Improvement of Crop, Animal and Poultry of Shandong Province,Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Huanghuaihai,Ministry of Agriculture, Jinan 250100, China; 3 Biotechology Institute of Weifang College, Weifang 261061, China)

    


Abstract: Anthocyanin is a group of important natural pigments, and it{$39}s also one of the most important plant pigments. Recent years, as a free-radical scavenger, more research focus on the role of anthocyanins in healthy, so an important research object is to increase anthocyanin content by genetic engineering. This review summarizes the anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway, regulation mechanism and genetic engineering in plants. The environmental factors on the biosynthesis of anthocyanin also been emphasized in this article.


    

Key words: anthocyanin; structrue gene; regulatory gene; regulating mechanism

 
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