中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2011, 23(7): 630-642
Cosmc和T-合酶在黏蛋白型O-聚糖合成中的重要作用及其与人类疾病的相关性
巨同忠*,Richard D. Cummings
(埃莫里大学医学院生物化学系,亚特兰大 30322,美国)
摘要:从核心1结构(Galβ1,3GalNAcα1-O-Ser/Thr, core 1 structure, T antigen)中衍生出来的黏蛋白型O-聚糖在很多生理过程中发挥重要的生物学功能。T-合酶 (core 1 β3-galactosyltransferase, T-synthase) 是合成核心1结构的唯一糖基转移酶,它主要的功能是将半乳糖(Galactose) 添加到GalNAcα1-Ser/Thr (Tn抗原) 糖链上。但是在人体和其他脊椎动物中有活性的T-合酶的形成需要一个重要的伴侣分子Cosmc;Cosmc功能丧失将直接导致T-合酶失活,其结果是机体细胞只能合成Tn抗原以及唾液酰化Tn (sialylTn, STn, Neu5Acα2,6GalNAcα1-O-Ser/Thr)。综述目前对T-合酶和Cosmc的研究以及他们在人类疾病(如异常O-聚糖表达相关的Tn综合征、IgA肾病和肿瘤)发生发展中的作用。

    
关键词:O-聚糖;T-合酶;分子伴侣;Cosmc;Tn 抗原

    
中图分类号:Q555+.4; Q591.2  文献标志码:A

    

 
The key role of Cosmc and T-synthase in mucin-type O-glycan biosynthesis -- implications in human diseases
Tong-Zhong JU*, Richard D. Cummings
(Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA)
Abstract: Mucin type O-glycans, primarily derived from the Core 1 structure, play pivotal functions in many biological processes. The T-synthase (core 1 β3-galactosyltransferase) is the key enzyme responsible for synthesizing the core 1 O-glycan Galβ1,3GalNAcα1-Ser/Thr (T antigen) through addition of Gal to GalNAcα1-Ser/Thr (Tn antigen). Interestingly, formation of active T-synthase in human and other vertebrates requires a specific molecular chaperone, Cosmc. Dysfunction of Cosmc results in an inactive T-synthase leading to expression of the Tn antigen and its sialylated version, sialylTn (STn, Neu5Acα2,6GalNAcα1-Ser/Thr). This review summarizes the current understanding of the T-synthase and Cosmc regarding their biochemistry and biology, as well as their roles in human diseases, such as Tn syndrome, IgA nephropathy, and human tumors, which are associated with expression of abnormal O-glycans.

    
Key words: O-glycan; T-synthase; molecular chaperone; Cosmc; Tn antigen
 
首页 | 刊物简介 | 编委会 | 投稿须知 | 广告业务 | 过刊浏览 | 联系我们
中国科学院上海生命科学信息中心《生命科学》编辑部
Copyright © 2012-2015 《生命科学》编辑部 All Rights Reserved.
沪ICP备05033115号-30
您是第2970101 位访问者,欢迎!