中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2010, 22(11): 1118-1121
危害茄科蔬菜的外来入侵害虫——马铃薯甲虫
张润志*,刘 宁,李颖超
中国科学院动物研究所,北京100101
摘 要:马铃薯甲虫是世界著名的入侵害虫,是我国的重要检疫性有害生物,主要危害马铃薯、茄子和西红柿等茄科蔬菜。该甲虫目前分布于美洲、欧洲和亚洲等30多个国家和地区,于1993年入侵我国新疆,到2010年扩散到36个县市,最前沿为木垒县。该文介绍了马铃薯甲虫的扩散历史、危害情况、发生规律以及防治措施,指出我国在西北方向遭受新疆马铃薯甲虫入侵内地威胁的同时,也在东北方向遭受俄罗斯滨海边区马铃薯甲虫对黑龙江及东北地区入侵的严重威胁,应加强防范。
关键词:马铃薯甲虫;入侵种;马铃薯;茄子;西红柿
 
Colorado potato beetle, an disastrous invasive species in China infesting Solanaceae vegetables
ZHANG Run-zhi*, LIU Ning, LI Ying-chao
Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Abstract: The Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), a famous invasive pest insect in the world and an important quarantine pest of China, mainly infests Solanaceae vegetables including potato, tomato and egg plant. It distributed more than 30 countries in America, Europe and Asia and invaded China in 1993. By 2010 the pest has spread to 36 counties in north Xinjiang. The paper presents its spread history, harmfulness, biological characters and control methods. Potential introduced danger not only in northwest China comes from Xinjiang, but also in northeast areas from Russian Far East.
Key words: Colorado potato beetle; invasive species; potato; egg plant; tomato
 
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