中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2010, 22(9): 919-924
一种含有端粒重复序列非编码RNA的发现及最新研究进展
刘 娟,邢金良*
(第四军医大学基础部细胞工程中心,西安710032)
摘 要:端粒是染色体末端的特化结构,由简单呈串联线性排列的核酸重复序列及相关蛋白质组成。其核酸序列具有高度的保守性,均富含GC。在人类为TTAGGG的高度重复序列具有维持基因组完整性的作用。端粒功能异常会导致染色体失去稳定性,促进肿瘤的发生和发展。以往认为端粒附近区域不具有转录活性,但最近在Science杂志上Azzalin等首次报道了该区域可以转录一种非编码RNA,即端粒RNA(telomeric RNA)。该分子具有特殊的UUAGGG重复序列,在调控端粒长度和端粒酶活性上具有重要作用,在发育、衰老和肿瘤发生发展等研究中已成为热点。该文将对近期有关端粒RNA的研究进展予以综述。
关键词:端粒RNA;端粒重复序列;非编码RNA
 
The discovery and research advances of a telomeric repeat-containing non-coding RNA
LIU Juan, XING Jin-liang*
(Cell Engineering Research Center, Department of Cell Biology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi抋n 710032, China)
Abstract: Telomeres, the specialized structure of chromosomes ends, consist of tandem arrays of DNA repeats and related proteins. Telomeres are conserved during biological evolution and rich in GC nucletide. Telomeres contain TTAGGG repeats in human, which are responsible for maintaining genomic integrity. Telomeres’ dysfunction leads to chromosome instability, and contributes to tumor development. It has long been considered that telomeres are transcription- silenced. However, a recent study reported for the first time that a long non-coding RNA was transcribed from this region, named telomeric RNA. The molecule has a special sequence of UUAGGG repeats, plays an important role in the regulation of telomere length and telomerase activity, and has already become a hot spot in the research field of development, aging and tumor progression. This article will review the recent progress of telomeric RNA research.
Key words: telomeric RNA; telomeric repeats; non-coding RNA
 
首页 | 刊物简介 | 编委会 | 投稿须知 | 广告业务 | 过刊浏览 | 联系我们
中国科学院上海生命科学信息中心《生命科学》编辑部
Copyright © 2012-2015 《生命科学》编辑部 All Rights Reserved.
沪ICP备05033115号-30
您是第2990226 位访问者,欢迎!