中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2017, 29(6): 606-609
运动激活AMPK减少海马Aβ沉积的可能机制
徐 波1,2*,赵 娜2,张 利3,何 标2,毛 倩2
(1 华东师范大学“青少年健康评价与运动干预”教育部重点实验室,上海 200241; 2 华东师范大学体育与健康学院,上海 200241;3 中国矿业大学(北京)体育部,北京 100083)
摘 要:淀粉样蛋白(β-amyloid, Aβ) 沉积形成的老年斑是阿尔茨海默病(Alzheimer’s disease, AD) 最主要的病理原因之一,其海马内的异常沉积可诱导AD 的发病,这与AD 动物海马内腺苷酸活化蛋白激酶(AMPK)活性的降低有关。研究发现,适宜的体育运动能够抑制AD 动物海马内Aβ 的沉积,但具体机制尚不明确。现综述了近期的研究成果,推测适宜的体育运动可以通过消耗ATP,使AMP 水平升高,AMP 可激活海马内AMPK,激活了的AMPK 可通过上调α- 分泌酶表达和下调β- 分泌酶表达来减少Aβ 的生成,从而起到了预防和缓解AD 的作用。
 
The possible mechanism of AMPK-mediated hippocampal Aβ deposition decrease by physical exercise
XU Bo1,2*, ZHAO Na2, ZHANG Li3, HE Biao2, MAO Qian2
(1 Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention of Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China; 2 School of Physical Education & Health Care, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China; 3 China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing 100083, China)
Abstract: Deposition of hippocampal β-amyloid (Aβ) to form senile plaque is one of the most important pathological reasons of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The abnormal deposition of Aβ in hippocampus may induce the development of AD, which might be related to the decrease of AMPK activity in hippocampus of AD animals. It was found that appropriate physical exercise might inhibit the deposition of Aβ in hippocampus of AD animals, but the mechanism was not clear. This paper reviews the recent research achievements and infers that suitable physical exercise can consume ATP to increase AMP. AMP can activate AMPK in hippocampus. The activated AMPK may up-regulate α-secretes and down-regulate β-secretes to reduce the formation of Aβ, thus preventing and alleviating AD.
 
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