中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2016, 28(10): 1103-1112
农业发展对作物功能基因组研究需求
胡 杰,何予卿*
(华中农业大学作物遗传改良国家重点实验室,武汉 430070)
摘 要:作物生命科学研究对我国农业的可持续发展提供了强大的科技支撑,功能基因组研究是作物生命科学研究的核心领域之一。现通过提出我国农业发展中面临的一些主要问题,基于作物功能基因组学特别是水稻功能基因组学的最新研究成果,分析农业发展对作物功能基因组研究的多种需求,包括种质资源创新、重大应用价值基因的克隆和功能解析、基因编辑技术和全基因组分子育种。为了进一步满足农业发展对基因组学研究的需求,我国需要推进功能基因组研究,促进作物育种行业的转型、发掘更多的优异种质资源、培育重大突破的新品种,提升我国种业创新能力,不断增强我国功能基因组学对农业生物技术的贡献力度。
 
A demand of agricultural development for crop functional genomics research
HU Jie, HE Yu-Qing*
(National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China)
Abstract: Crop scientific research provides a powerful support to develop a sustainable agriculture in China. Functional genomics research is the core field in crop scientific research. In order to deal with some of the major problems of our agricultural development, we reviewed some demands of agricultural development for crop functional genomics research, especially rice functional genomics research including germplasm innovation, cloning and functional analysis of valuable genes, gene editing technology and whole-genome breeding. Further to meet the needs of agricultural development for functional genomics research, we must promote a transformation from genomics to crop breeding industry, exploring more excellent germplasm resources, breeding new varieties for breakthrough in yield, quality and resistance, improving capacity for innovation of our seed industry, and increasing the contribution portion of functional genomics in agricultural biotechnology.
 
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