中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2014, 26(9): 949-954
1型糖尿病的基因治疗进展
韩月雯1,胡宗利1,陈国平1,叶治家2*
(1 重庆大学生物工程学院,重庆 400044;2 第三军医大学预防医学院热带医学研究所,重庆 400030)
尽管皮下注射胰岛素、口服降糖药等可以缓解糖尿病患者的高血糖,但是这些治疗措施只是暂时性的,并不能从根本上彻底治疗糖尿病以及阻止其他并发症的发生。随着人们对糖尿病本质的深层次揭示和现代分子生物学手段的发展,针对由胰岛素分泌缺乏引起的1 型糖尿病(T1D) 基因治疗手段逐渐丰富。总结了胰岛素替代基因的直接导入,刺激新的β 细胞再生以及阻止胰岛β 细胞的自身免疫,抑制胰岛β 细胞的凋亡等1 型糖尿病的基因治疗新进展,并展望其未来发展方向。
 
Research updates of gene therapy for type 1 diabetes
HAN Yue-Wen1, HU Zong-Li1, CHEN Guo-Ping1, YE Zhi-Jia2*
(1 Bioengineering College of Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China;
    2 Institute of Tropical Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400030, China)
Although a subcutaneous injection of insulin, oral hypoglycemic drugs both can ease high blood sugar in people with diabetes, but these treatments are only temporary, do not fundamentally treat and prevent other complications of diabetes. With deep understanding of the nature of diabetes and development of modern molecular biological. tools, gene therapies for type 1 diabetes (T1D) caused by a lack of insulin secretion have been gradually elaborated. This article summarized the advances in T1D gene therapy such as transferring the insulin gene to stimulate new β cell formation and insulin secretion as well as to improve immunologic response or avoid immune destruction of β cells. This review also made prediction on the future of T1D therapy.
 
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