中国科技核心期刊
CN:31-1600/Q
ISSN:1004-0374
“健康与疾病的免疫”国际学术研讨会通知      关于有网站冒充本刊网站的声明
《生命科学》 2014, 26(2): 144-152
微生物多样性及其分布的研究进展:模式与过程
徐 冰,张大勇*
(北京师范大学生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室,北京 100875)
摘 要:生物多样性产生和维持机制长期以来是生态学研究的核心问题。人们通过实验观察和理论推导揭示了很多群落生物多样性的共有模式及其背后的生态学过程,而相关的工作主要集中在动植物等大型生物中。微生物是地球上数量最多、分布最广,以及在生态系统过程中发挥极其重要作用的生物类群,但人们对其群落多样性的认识还非常有限。将介绍目前人们对能够独立自由生活的微生物多样性分布模式的探索,总结对其背后的生物学和生态学过程的研究现状,并探讨当前面临的挑战。
 
Progress on the biodiversity of microorganisms: patterns and processes
XU Bing, ZHANG Da-Yong*
(Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
Abstract: A central objective of ecology is to understand the mechanisms that generate and maintain biodiversity. Ecologists have conducted a lot of theoretical and empirical studies to unravel macroecological patterns of diversity and distribution of various organisms and to understand the underlying processes that produce these patterns. However, most of these studies focus on macroorganisms, i.e. plants and animals. While microorganisms are the most abundant and widespread on earth and mediate important ecosystem processes, little is known about their diversity and distributional patterns. Here, we review recent studies of the diversity pattern of free-living microorganisms and the potential underlying ecological processes, and then discuss some most challenging tasks in microbial diversity research.
 
首页 | 刊物简介 | 编委会 | 投稿须知 | 广告业务 | 过刊浏览 | 联系我们
中国科学院上海生命科学信息中心《生命科学》编辑部
Copyright © 2012-2015 《生命科学》编辑部 All Rights Reserved.
沪ICP备05033115号-30
您是第3069999 位访问者,欢迎!